MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 12.


17/03/2017

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-12.

1. Not that the Indivisible Reality has ever got divided into any parts.

2. Sri Swami Adi Sankaracharya, in his commentary especially pointed out that the term quarter (pada ) does not mean here 'limbs' just as the four legs of a cow!

3. If we accept this dictionary-meaning, we would get the entire Vedantik   spirit misconstructed and misunderstood.

4. If we accept that there are 'four limbs,' then it would makeb the homogeneous Reality entertain in difference  in Itself ( svagata bheda ).

5. That which has any differentiation within itself would become a 'substance,' the Reality would then also become finite and perishable.

To be continued ...

  

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