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MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-2. MANTRAM-6. { Liberation is their's who gain clear understanding} -




MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-2.

 MANTRAM-6. { Liberation  is  their's  who  gain  clear  understanding}

Vedanta-vijnana-sunischit-arthah

sannyasa-yogad  yatayah  suddha-sattvah,

te  brahma-lokeshu  paranta-kale

paramartah  pari-mucyanti  sarve.


vedanta-vijnana  =  knowledge  of  Upanishads;

sunschit-arthah  =  having  well  ascertained;

sannyasa-yogat  =  with  yoga  of  renunciation  ( i.e,  by  a  life  of  striving  and  renunciation);

yatayah  =  all  anchorites,  renunciates  i.e,  sages;

suddha-sattvah  =  purified;

te  =  they;

brahma-lokeshu  =  in  the  world  of  Brahmam;

paranta-kale  =  at  the  tie  of  death  ( i.e,  of  illumination)

paramrtah  =  having  attained  immortality;

pari-mucyanti  =   liberated;

sarve  =  all.

"Having  well  ascertained  beyond  all  doubts  the  exact  import  of  the  Upanishads  and  having  purified  their  minds  with  "Yoga  of  Renunciation" all  anchorites  attain  the  world  of  BRAHMAM  HAVING  ATTAINED  IMMORTALITY  AND  AT  THE  TIME  OF  DEATH  BECOME  FULLY  LIBERATED."

Next : Discussion-1. "Suniscit-arthah -( Having  well  ascertained )"....

To be continued  ...


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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

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They  did  not  directly  serve  in  expressing  his  ideas,  nor  did  they  fall  to  the  rhythm  of  Swamiji's  chiselled  prose-melody.
It  would  be  better  appreciated   if  we  understand  that  Swamiji  was  not  only  a  Philosopher  but  also  a  Master  artist  at  his  pen.
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