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MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-2. MANTRAM-3.{ "Foremost means of Self-realisation seeking the Self alone." }





MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-2.

MANTRAM-3.{ "Foremost  means  of  Self-realisation  seeking  the  Self  alone." }

"Nayam-atma  pravacanena  labhyo

na  medhaya  na  bahuna  srutena,

yame-vaisa  vrnute  tena  labhyah

tasyaisa  atma  vivrnute  tanum  svam."

na  =  not;

ayam  =  this;

atma  =  the  Self;

pravacaena  =  by  discourses;

labhyah  =  is  attained;

na  =  not;

medhaya  =  by  intellect,  knowledge;

na  =  not;

bahuna  =  much;

srutena  =  hearing  ( i.e,  by  learning);

yam  =  whom  ( which  Atma);

eva  =  alone;

esah  =  this  ( the  aspirant );

vrnute  =  wishes  to  attainit  with the  whole  heart;

tena  =  by  him;

labhyah  =  is  attained;

tasya  =  to  him;

esah  =  this;

atma  =  the  Self;

vivrnute  =  reveals;

tanum  =  true  nature;

svam  =  of  its  own.


"The  Self  ( Atma / Jivatma/ Paramatma)  is  not  attained through  discourses  nor  through  memorising  scriptural  texts,  nor  through  much  learning."

"It  is  gained  only  by  him  who  wishes  to  attain  it  with  his  whole  heart.  To  such  a  one,  the  Self  reveals  its  true  nature." *

*This  mantram  also  occurs  in  'Kathopanishad-- 1-2.23.

NEXT - Discussion-1. "No  panditha  should  think  that  because  he  can  give  elaborate  and  learned  discourse........"

To be continued  ....




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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

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Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
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ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
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hi - indded;

etat -this;

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sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

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catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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Discussion-1.

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