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MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-8. { Unique means of Self-realisation --- purification of mind. }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM-8. { Unique  means  of  Self-realisation  ---  purification  of  mind. }

Discussion-3. "Glory  of 'Tapascarya'  "  ..

And  it  is  also  true  thal  all scriptures  in  the  world  indicate,  advise  and  insist  upon  the  glory  of  "tapascarye  and  rituals."

Surely,  those  cannot  be  a  combined  conspiracy  against  the  faithful.


In  the  science  of  Religion,  rituals  are  insisted  upon  as  preparatory  lessons  for  a  seeker,  and  tapascarya-s  are  preparations  for  a  training  of  the  mind  and  intellect  of  the  meditator.

When  one  has  practiced  for  a  sufficiently  long,  worship  etc.,  and  has  undergone  a  certain  amount  of  intelligent  tapascarya,  one  becomes  tranquil  in  his  inner  life  and  gains  a  certain  amount  of  single  pointedness  of  application  with  intellect.

Only  when  the  mind  and  intellect  are  thus  tuned  up,  can  the  individual  success…

MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-8. { Unique means of Self-realisation --- purification of mind. }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM-8. { Unique  means  of  Self-realisation  ---  purification  of  mind. }

Discussion-2.  "as  the  cause,  so  the  result"..

That  the  Truth  cannot  be  perceived  by  the  senses,  has  already  been  explained.

Here,  the  'Upanishad-s'    add  that  Truth  cannot  be  gained  through  rituals  and  penances  ( second line of mantram ).

It  is  ordinarily  the  belief  with  all  faithfuls  that  worship  and  sincere  penance ( Tapas ) do  reveal,  for  the  worshipper,  "  GOD  OR  TRUTH"    

"This  is  a  fallacious  statement  in  the  Science  of  Religion,  and  is  a  logical  absurdity  in  thought"

Action  by  finite  individuals  making  use  of  the  finite  objects,  cannot  result  in  an  achievement  which  is  "INFINITE  AND  ETERNAL"

OUT  OF  A  BALL  OF  CLAY  ( MUD )  WE  CAN  NEVER  MAKE  A  CHAIN  OF  GOLD;

" AS  THE  CAUSE,  SO  THE  RESULT"

Next : Discussio…

MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-8. { Unique means of Self-realisation --- purification of mind. }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM-8. { Unique  means  of  Self-realisation  ---  purification  of  mind. }


Discussion-1. Words  are  symbols  of  experiences  lived  by  by  the  mind  and  so  words  cannot  express  deeper  experiences  or  transmind  joys.

Even  when  experiences  are  rather  intimate  and deep,  words  fail.

Naturally,  the  experiences  in  the  white-heat  of  intense  meditation  cannot  be  expressed  in  terms  of  a  frail  language  which  is  insufficient  even  to  express  my  love  for  my  own  beloved!

Hence  the  scripture  says,  " SELF  IS  NOT  GRASPED  BY  WORDS." 

It  is  only  through  mutual  feelings  that  one  can  understand  love,  a  real  lover  can  appreciate  the  depths  of  sincerity  even  through  silence.

So  too,  it  is  in  " the  silence between  the  stanzas,"  as  it  were,  that  the  Sruti  takes  Her  courtiers  into  Her  ample  bosom  where  they  experience  the  joy  and  the  "…

MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-8. { Unique means of Self-realisation --- purification of mind. }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM-8. { Unique  means  of  Self-realisation  ---  purification  of  mind. }

Na  cakshusa  grhyate  napi  vaca

na-anyair-devais-tapasa   karmana  va,

jnana-prasadena   visuddha-sattvah

tatastu  tam  pasyate  nishkalam  dhyaya-manah.


na  =  neither;

cakshusa  =  by  the  eyes;

grhyate  =  perceived;

na  api  =  nor  even;

vaca  =  ( described )  by  words;

na  =  neiter;

anyaih  =  ( by )  others;

devaih  =  by  the  senses;

tapasa  =  by  penances;

karmana  =  by  rituals;

va  =  either;

jnana-prasadena  =  by  understanding;

visuddha-sattvah   =  becomes  calm  and  refined;

tatah  =  then;

tu  =  alone;

tam  =  HIM;

pasyate  =  sees  (  realizes );

nishkalam  =  the  Absolute  ( lit.,  without  parts );

dhyaya-manah  =  in  meditation.


"The  Self  ( Paramatma )  cannot   be  described  by  words,  nor  perceived  by  eyes  or  the  senses,  nor  revealed  by  rituals  and  penance.  When  the  understanding  becomes  calm  and  refined…

MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM -7. { Nature of the Supreme Abode }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM -7. { Nature  of  the  Supreme  Abode }

Discussion-5. "cave  of  the  heart"..

If  Truth  be  thus  such  a  vast  unimaginable  and  inconceivable  one,  at  once  here,  there  and  everywhere,  it  would  be  the  legitimate  doubt  in  every  seeker  as  to  how  and  where  he  can  realize  this  vast  divine  factor.

  True  to  the  Aryan  culture,  imagination  and  mere  theory  have  no  hold  upon  the  people  and  unless  they  are  practical,  they  are  rejected.

So  the  Rishis  of  ancient  have  given  us  in  this  mantram  the  method  of  making  their  great  theory  a  practical  experience.

The scripture  says  that  Truth  is  realized  here,  in  the  "Cave  of  the  heart."   

The  technique  has  already  been  discussed  earlier  exhaustively  in  more  than  one  place.

Discussion on Mantram- 7. ENDS.

Next Mantram-8. { Unique  means  of  Self-realisation  ---  purification  of  mind. }

To…

MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM -7. { Nature of the Supreme Abode }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM -7. { Nature  of  the  Supreme  Abode }

Discussion-4. "Mother Sruti"

In  fact  there  is  no  contradiction  here.

Mother  Sruti  is  here  trying  to  find  an  expression  to  express  the  unfathomable,  vast,  the  all-pervading.

Naturally  she  has  to  say  that  Pure  Awareness  or  Consciousness  is  a  "circle  whose  centre  is  everywhere."  

It  is  at  once  at  every  point  in  the  heart  within  us,  as  well  as  outside  us  --- at  the  farthest  imaginable  or  conceivable  point  in  space,  time  or  thought  or  imagination.

Wherever  and  whatever    we  are  aware of,  be  it  through  the  medium  of  seeing  or  thinking  or  feeling.

We  can  be  aware  of  things  only  when  they  are  within  the  frontiers  of  our  awareness.

Thus,  Pure Consciousness  in  its  absolute  nature  is  equally  here  within  us  and  also  at  the  farthest  imaginable  point

Next : Discussion-5. "ca…

MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM -7. { Nature of the Supreme Abode }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM -7. { Nature  of  the  Supreme  Abode }

Discussion-3. "Farther  than  the  Farthest" ....

"Farther  than  the  farthest,  it  is  here  within."
Here  is  another  example  wherein  those  who  are  foreigners  to  the  Aryan  ( mean "Sreshtan" ) tradition  and  those  who  are  Aryan-s  by 'birth ' ( not correct by Bhagavad-Gita ),  but  foreigners  by  education,  find  themselves  dumb-founded  and  outwitted.
To  them,  here  is  a  palpable  contradiction,  a  madness  of  thought,  a  lunancy  praised   to  the  level  of  the  genius! 
O  else,  they  argue  how  can  any  great  saint  or  seer  dare  define  anything  in  the world  as  to  be  located  at  one  and  the  same  period  of  time,  at  once  at  the  farthest  point  and  also  at  the  nearest.
It  is  at  such  instances  that  the  scriptural  texts   need   the  great  benediction  of  a  living  saint  who  can,  standing  …

MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM -7. { Nature of the Supreme Abode }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM -7. { Nature  of  the  Supreme  Abode }

Discussion-2. "Divyam  and  Acintya-rupam" .....

Divyam  and  Acintya-rupam ---- Self-luminous   and  in-conceivable  or  unknowable  :-

The  Spark  of  Life  in  us  is  certainly  the  illuminating  principle  behind  our  sense-organs  and  our  mind  and  intellect.

It  lights  up  everything,  including  the  light - giving  objects  such  as  the  Sun  and  Moon,  the  Stars  and  the  Fire.

In  fact  in  its  very  nature  it  is  nothing  but  a  mass  of  light : - not  "light" in  the  ordinary  sense  in  which  we  know  it,  but  as  Sri  Ramakrishna  Paramahamsa  would  say ,  "Light  without  its  physical  properties  and  known  qualities."

In  short,  it  is  Awareness  or  Consciousness.

If  Truth  be  Awareness,  it  is  evident  how  our  intellect  cannot  understand  the  Awareness  behind  it.

We have  already discussed  these  points  in  the  e…

MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM -7. { Nature of the Supreme Abode }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM -7. { Nature  of  the  Supreme  Abode }

Discussion-1. "Brahmam" the  ...

Brahmam,  the  Supreme  Reality,  is  great  or  vast  because   it  is  all-pervading.

The  very  term  "brhat"  means  in  'Samskrtam'  vast  or  great;  and  hence  the  term  "BRAHMAM"
for  the  all-pervading  to  mean,

"That  which  pervades  all  and  which  is  pervaded  by  nothing."

Hence,  the  reader  is  warned  that  since  explanations  of  many  of  these  terms  have  already  been  given  in  all  details  in   our  early  discussions  we  shall  only  hint  here  at  the  significance  of  these  terms.

Those  who  are  doubtful of  the  full  import  are  requested   to  refer  back to  my  previous  blogs.

Next : Discussion-2. "Divyam  and  Acintya-rupam" .....

To be continued  ....


MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM -7. { Nature of the Supreme Abode }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM -7. { Nature  of  the  Supreme  Abode }


Brhacca  tad  divyam-acintya-rupam

sukshmac-ca  tat  sikshma-taram  vibhati,

durat  sudure  tad-ihantike  ca

pasyatsvi-haiva  nihitam  guhayam.


brhat   =   vast;

ca   =   and;
tat   =   that  ( the  truth  of  brahmam );
divyam   =  effulgent,  divine;
acintya-rupam    =    form  that  beyond  all  imaginations;
sukshmat   =   than  the  subtlest;
ca   =   also;
tat   =   that;
sukshma-tatam   =   subtler;
vibhati   =   shines;
durat   =   than  the  farthest;
sudure   =   farther;
tat   =   that;
iha  =  here  ( in  this  body );
antike   =   within;
ca  =  and;

pasyatshu   =   to  those  who  realize;

iha   =   here  ( in  this  life );

eva   =   verily;

nihitam   =   fixed,  seated;

guhayam   =   in  the  ( cave  of  )  heart.


"Vast,  divine  beyond  all  imaginations,  shines  the  truth  of  Brahmam,  ----  subtler  than  the  subtlest,  farther  than  farthest.  It  is  here  within  te  …

MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-6. { Glory of Truth }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

Mantram-6. { Glory  of  Truth }

Discussion-4. : "Knowledge of reality"...

With  the  knowledge  of  Reality,  the  entire  amount  of  ignorance  ( about  it )  in  us  must  automatically  end.

Thus,  when  ignorance  has  ended,  the  source  of  desire  also  gets  choked;  naturally  the  flow  of  scorching  thoughts  end,  and  the  devastating  acts  and  competitions  exhaust  themselves.

The  term  aptakamah  ---  for  which  there  is  no  equivalent  or  even  a  powerfully  expressive  term  in  the  english  language  ---  clearly  indicates  the  perfect  state  of  tranquility  in  a  seer,  both  within  and  without.

The  seekers  free  from  deceit  and  delusion,  pride  and  vanity,  criminality  and  falsehood,  and  having  no  desire,  enthusiastically  seek  and  surely  discover  the  realm  of  Truth.

What  this  realm  is  and  what  are  its  specialities  will  be  explained  in  following  mantram-s.  


Nex…

MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-6. { Glory of Truth }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

Mantram-6. { Glory  of  Truth }

Discussion-3. "Aptakamah" ( third  line  last  word  in  the  mantram ).....


Aptakamah  : -  "Those  who  have  fulfilled  all  their  desires"  : -

We  all  know  that  life  would  have  been  a  holiday  in  a  pleasant  island  if  only  we  can  get  freedom  from  the  agonizing  tortures  inflicted  upon  us  from  moment  to  moment  by  our  own  desires.

Desires  erupt  from  the  mount  of  ignorance  in  us  and  flow  out  in  boisterous  lava  of unending  thoughts  and  they  reach  the  outer  world  as  our  actions,  scorching  ourselves  and  our  neighbours.

The  state  of  perfection  can  only  be  there  where  ae  shall  not  be  a  cause  or  suffering  either  to  others  or  to  ourselves,  either  in  the  outer  world  or  in  the  inner  world.

This  state  of  peace  and  perfection  can  naturally  come  only  when  we  destroy  the  very  mount  of  ignorance.

N…

MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-6. { Glory of Truth }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

Mantram-6. { Glory  of  Truth }

Discussion-2. "Devayanah  and  truthfulness" .......


The  extra  importance  is  given  to  truthfulness  because  the  Sruti  declares  that  not  only  is  truth  the  goal  and  truthfulness  the  path,  but  the  very  path  is  laid  with  "Slabs"   of  truthfulness!!!

A  consistent   way   of  living, on  the  values  of  intellectual  truthfulness,  says  "Sri  Swami  Sankaracharya,"   widens  the  path  and  makes  it  an  easy  grant-trunk  road  to  spiritual  success.

Devayanah  : - ( last  word  of  second  line  of  mantram )

This  term  may  be  taken  to  be,  in  the  most  general  sense,  a  life  of  intelligent  spiritual  striving.

The  path  divine  runs  through  truthfulness  and  is  laid  by  the  concrete  acts  of  truthfulness.

Technically  however,  'devayanah' is  the  path  which  stands  in  contrast  with  other  technical  name  given  to  the …

MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-6. { Glory of Truth }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

Mantram-6. { Glory  of  Truth }

 Discussion-1. "TRUTHFULNESS"....AND THE  NECESSITY....


The  necessity  for  truthfulness  as  explained  in  this  mantram  can  never  be  over-emphasized  in  spiritual  life  and  hence  Mother  Sruti,  noted  ever  for Her  brevity  and  economy  in  expression,  is  again  dedicating  yet  another  mantram  to  bring  homeb bto  us  the  importance  of  this  intellectual  honesty  born  of  heroism.

Very  pertinently  Swami Sri  Adi  Sankaracharya  in  his  commentary  says  that  as  the  mantram  stands,  though  we  read.

  "Truth  alone  wins,  and  not  false-hood."

In  fact,  no  great  quality,  however  noble  and  divine  it  may  be,  has  itself  any  strength  or  capacity  to  do  or  undo  the  man,  living  his  life.

  It  is  only  when  we  lend  our  own  personality  in  our  identification  with  the  noble  qualities,  that  they  gather  in  themselves  an  energy-…

MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-6. { Glory of Truth }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

Mantram-6. { Glory  of  Truth }


Satyameva  jayate  nanrtam

satyena  pantha  vitato  devayanah,

yen-akramanty-rsayo  hyapta-kama

yatra  tat  satyasya  paramam  nidhanam.



satyam  =  truth;

eva  =  alone;

jayat  =wins;

na  =  not;

anrtam  =  untruth;

satyena  =  by  truth;

panthah  =  path;

vitatah  =  is  laid  out;

devayanah  =  the  divine  path;

yena  =  by  which;

akramanti  =  ascend;

rsayah  =  the  seers ( Rishi-s );

hi  =  verily;

apta-kamah  =  those  who  have  fulfilled  all  their  desires;

yatra  =  where;

tat  =  that;

satyasya  =  of  thruth;

paramam  =  supreme;

nidhanam  =  abode;

( asti  =  is).



"Truth  alone  wins, not  untruth.  By  truth  is  laid  out  the  path  of  divine  along  which  the  Seers,  free  from  desires,  ascend  to  the  Supreme  Abode  of  TRUTH."

Next : Discussion-1. "TRUTHFULNESS"....AND THE  NECESSITY....

To be continued  ....



MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM- 5. { Helpful means to Self-realization }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM - 5. { Helpful  means  to  Self-realization }

Discussion-7. "becomes  purified ( kshina-doshah"


Our  capacities,  mental  and  intellectual,  are  at  present  ineffectual  because  of  their  grossness;  and  the  denseness  of  the  mind  is  directly  proportional  at  the  amount  of  animal-ism  in  us.

Once,  through  the  above  practices,  one  starts  living  the  life  of  self-control,  truthfulness  and  meditation  upon  the  spiritual  contents  in  him,  the  animal-ism  slowly  dies  away  and  when  he  thus  becomes  purified  ( kshina-doshah), last  term  of the  mantram,  his  mind  and  intellect  become  more  and  more  subtle  and  therefore,  capable  of  greater  awareness.

And  ultimately  he comes  to  realize  the  seat  of  "ALL-AWARENESS"  within  himself.

Mantram -5. Discussion- ENDS.

Next : Mantram-6. { Glory  of  Truth }

To be continued  .....





MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM- 5. { Helpful means to Self-realization }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM - 5. { Helpful  means  to  Self-realization }

Discussion-6. "Hinduism  as  antahakarana Suddhi  ....)"


Truthfulness  and  meditation,  exhaustive  study  and  continence,  must  all  be  practiced  continuously  all  te  life  through.

There  are  not  rules   for  seasonal  enthusiasms.

When  continuously  thus  practiced  for  a  long  period,  the  individual  gains  thereby  more  and  more  poise  of  personality  and  develops  his  powers  of  understanding  and  application.

These  powers  are  termed  in  "HINDUISM  AS  ANTAHAHARANA  SUDDHI".

Next : Discussion-7. "becomes  purified ( kshina-doshah"

To be continued  ....


MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM- 5. { Helpful means to Self-realization }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM - 5. { Helpful  means  to  Self-realization }


Discussion-5. Bramacaryam --for house holder ...

Thus,  to  a  house  householder ( family man),  perfect  brahmacaryam  is  to  live  in  Self-control,  indulging  only for  getting  children,  ( in case,  that  much  self-control  not  possible  for  new  young  couple  not  more  than  three  times  a  month )  only.

Many  a  young  family  has  been  wrecked  by  disorder  and  discord  because,  one  of  the  partner  becomes  all  of  sudden  over-enthusiastic  and  suddenly  takes  to  the  vow  of  the  Self-control  without  caring  to  train  his  partner  also  in  the  divine  path.

Again,  a  sudden  and  rash  embrace  of  bramacaryam    has  its  own  psychological  and  physical  repercussions.

Unless  the  mind  and  body  are  slowly  trained  to  this  great  task,  instead  of  their  flowering  forth  into  great  powers,  they  succumb  and  die  away  to  perish.

Next : …

MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM- 5. { Helpful means to Self-realization }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM - 5. { Helpful  means  to  Self-realization }

Discussion-4. "Brahmacaryam"......

Tuthfulness,  meditation  and  intense  study  of  the  scriptures  are  all  possible  only  when  the  individual  has  taken  unto  himself  the  principle  of  brahmacaryam  in  life.

In  the  name  of  brahmacaryam  misguided   aspirants  have  often  wrecked  their  lives.

"Bramacaryam",   in  all  completeness  both  in  body  and  mind,  is  practiced  successfully  only  by  full-time  seekers  and  perfected  Masters.

All  the  others  have  their  own  limitations.


Next : Discussion-5. Bramacaryam --for house holder ...

To be continued  ....



MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM- 5. { Helpful means to Self-realization }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM - 5. { Helpful  means  to  Self-realization

Discussion-3. "Tapas "...


"TAPAS  IS  BROODING-THOUGHT"  : -  This  is  not  the  unintelligent  gross  TAPAS  of  the  body  which  is,  to  some  extent,  good  to  a  certain  type  of  men  in  teaching  them  self-control,  both  of  body  and  mind.

When  one  has  practiced  the  vow  of  truthfulness  and  meditation  ( tapas),  one  becomes  more  and  more  fit  to  delve  into  the  secret  caves  of  the  scriptures  and  understand  the  real  import  of  the  mantra-s.

Thus,  the  stydent  who  had  his  own  initiation  into  the  sacred  texts  earlier  comes  to  gain  brighter  and  greater  glimpses  of  an  ever-increasing  prospect  of  newer  significance  and  ampler  imports  in  the  texts  of  the  mother  Sruti.


Next : Discussion-4. "Brahmacaryam".......

To be continued  ....






MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM- 5. { Helpful means to Self-realization }

MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM - 5. { Helpful  means  to  Self-realization }

Discussion-2. "Satysm"  .....

But  in  the  spiritual  sense  of  the  term,  "SATYAM" should  play  in  the  field  of  the  intellect.

When  the  external  impressions  of  the  world  gathered  by  the  mind  are  filtered  through  the  intellect,  the  thinking-principle  in  man,  they  come  to  certain  judgments  and  thus  evaluate  the  minds,  men  and  institutions,  events  and  incidents.

Having  thus  come  to  a  discriminating  judgement,  if  he  were  to  compromise  himself  in  his  thoughts  and  actions,  and  thereby  come  to  think  or  act  his  thoughts  and  actions,  and  thereby  come  to  think  or  act  against  his  own  intellectual  convictions,  he  will  be  doing,  spiritually,  a  great  falsehood.

Thus,  when  one  is  convinced  of  the  God-theory  and  the  Divine  Nature  of  the  One  Self  through  observations,  analysis,  st…