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ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : - Mantram -1.

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or  


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD 



Mantram -1.


Discussion : 14.  "Whose  is  the  wealth?...  who  is  to  covet  and  what?" ....

Swami  Sri  Adi  Sankaracharya  goes  a  step  further  and  interprets  the  last  quarter  of  the  Mantram  to  mean,  as  an  exclamation  from  the  Rish-s : 
"Whose  is  the  wealth?"

By  this  question  he  implies   that  there  is  no  wealth  which  belongs  to  anybody  and  that  there  is  nothing  in  the  universe  which  can  permanently  remain  with  us;  we  ourselves  are  passing;  the  world  of  objects  is  also  ephemeral,  and  in  this  eternal  change,  who  is  to  covet  and  what?

Thus,  he  laughs  at  the  very  idea  of  desiring  anything  in  the  world,  since  there  is  nothing  in  the  universe  which  deserves  our  desiring.



The  very  first  mantram  of  this  inimitable  Upanishad  is  in  itself  a  miniature  philosophical  textbook,  complete  with  its  philosophical  en…

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : - Mantram -1.

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or  


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD 



Mantram -1.


Discussion - 13. "Do  not  covet  the  wealth  of  another." .....


The  very  first  mantram,  there  is  therefore,  not  only  a  statement  of  Truth  and  its  amplifications,  but  a  definiten  method  of  realisation  is  also  pointed  out.

Even  this  much  would  have  been  sufficient  to  raise  the  Mantram  to  the  pinnacles  of   a  literary  perfection  and  philosophical  beauty  unparalled  in  any  language;  but  this  is  not  at  all.

To  crown  the  entire  effort,  as  it  were,  here  within  the  same  Mantram,  the  Rishi  has  also  hinted  at,  how  much  a  Perfect  One  will  live  thereafter  and  how  a  seeker  in  his  pilgrimage  should  try  to  live.

As  an  injunction  to  the  seekers  and  as  a  description  of  the  mental  attitude  of  the  Perfect  One,  we  have  the  statement  in  the  last  quarter  of  the  Mantram  :  

"Do  not  covet  the  wealth  of  a…

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : - Mantram -1.

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or  


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD 



Mantram -1.



Discussion- 12. "dhana" ..... ( charity )


The 'Puranic'  ideal  of  charity  (  dhanam )  also  can  be  read  into  this  phrase  
"tyaktena   bhunjithah."

Giving  is  the  true  enjoyment  of  wealth.

Make  wealth  as  much  as  you  can  by  right  means,  and  hold  on  to  it   as  a  trustee.

Give  it  away  intelligently    to  patronise  right  causes....   .......

thus   enjoy.




Covet  not  wealth,  nor  hoard  it  to  lie  idle.

For,  whose  is  the  wealth?

It  belongs  to  the  community,  and  it  must  go  back.

Yours  shall  be  the  enjoyment  .......  of  making  it,  of  distributing  it  back  to  the 

deserving  individuals  or  institutions.



Just  to  show  how  Samskrtam  commentators  have  used  their  ingenuity  to  milk  out  of  the  Mantram  more  and  more  meaning,  here  mentioned  how  
"Tena  tyaktena  bhunjithah"  has  been  interpreted  as  "Tena   tyak…

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : - Mantram -1.

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or  


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD 



Mantram -1.

Discussion - 11.  "bhunjithah" ...( second  line  of  the  Mantram ) ...




Enjoy  (   bhunjithah ) ----  The  root  'Bhuj' means  'to enjoy' and  also  'to  save'.

Sri Swami   Adi  Sankaracharya    Bhagavatpada  takes  the  latter  meaning  and  interprets  it  to  mean   'saving  one's  Self'.

According  to  Swamiji,  therefore,  the  meaning  would  be  the  way  to  protect  one's  Self  and  enjoy  Its  glory  lies  in  the  renunciation  of  attachments  for  the  not-Self  ( Anatma ).

The  'Seer'  of  the  'Upanishad',  however,  by  avoiding  the  mention  of  the  'objects'  to  be  enjoyed,  probably  means  both:  

At  a  lower  level,  'enjoy' what  is  given  by  Him,  without  covetousness,  attachment  etc,;  and  at  the  greater  heights,  the  student  in  meditation  is  told  to  renounce  the  perceptions,  feeling  and  t…

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : - Mantram -1.

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or  


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD 



Mantram -1.


Discussion -10. "Where  is  the  wealth" ( kasya  svit  dhanam ) ...


All  wealth  belongs  to  Him   ( Lord )  alone   ---   the  Infinite  alone  is  the  Reality.

It  is  the  core  in  all  forms;  it  pervades  everything  within.

And  it  envelopes   everything.

The  world  is  like  an  iceberg  floating  on  water.

Water,  frozen  and  floating  on  water  ---  it  is  nothing  but  water.

Since  everything  is  His  (  Lord's ),  whatever  that  is  permitted  by  Him,  take  it  as  His,  and  live  in  this  attitude  of  dedication  and  gratituse  which  id  the  way  to  true  enjoyment.



'Tena' can  also  mean  ' therefore'.

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : - Mantram -1.

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or  


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD 



Mantram -1.



 Discussion-9. "That  renounced"  (  tena  tyaktena  --   first  two  words  in  the  beginning  of  second  line  of  the  Mantram)   ....." envelops  all  this " ( Isa vasyam  idagm  sarvam  ---  in  the  beginning  of  the  Mantram  ...


"That  renounced" (  tena   tyaktena )   :- -  This  is  the  effective  part,  the  technique  to  experience  the  Lord  that  "envelops  all  this" ( Isa   vasyam   idagm  sarvam).

Identified  with  the  beauty  of  sculpture,  many  a  time,  we  fail  to  notice  the  material  with  which  it  is  made.

Very   rarely  are  you  recognising  the  paper  on  which   these  words  are  printed.

You  are  seeing  the  ideas  through  the  word-meanings,  and  not  the  colour  of  the  white  paper.

And  yet,  you  know  that  these  printed  words  are  impossible  to  read  if  the  paper were  black  in  colour!

To  see  the  colour  of  the …

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : - Mantram -1.

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or  


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD 



Mantram -1.


Discussion - 8. 'matter' ..  'ghost  vision'


When  we  are  told  of  a  paramount  'Power' presiding  over  the  world  of  'matter,'   the  teacher  advocates  that  we  must  come  to  experience  this  great  joyous  perfection  through  the  renunciation  of  our  false  values  and  attachments  which  we  have  cultivated  in  ourselves  in   the  jungles  of  our  own  perceptions.



The  'ghost-vision'  frightens  the  deluded  one,  and  his  mind  gets  into  a  serious  state  of  perplexity  and  confusion.

The  only  way  to  pacify  him  and  bring  peace  and  tranquility  to  his  mind  is  to  help  him  to  discover  the  'post.'

Now,  to  my  friend  who  is  agitated  by  the  vision  of  the  'ghost,'  I  and  his  companions,  who  are  seeing  the  'post,'  can  only  advice  'Dear  friend!  Renounce  the  form  and  qualities  of …

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : - Mantram -1.

ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or  


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD 



Mantram -1.



 Discussion-7. 'principle  of  existence' .....



"There is a form,  there  is  a  taste,  there  is  a  sound,  there  is  a  smell,  and  there  is  a  touch  for  the  tree" ---  thus  we  noticed.

Devoid  of  all  qualities  as  interpreted  by  the  sense-organs,  there  is  yet  in  that  tree  the  
"Principle  of  Existence" as  expressed  by  us  unconsciously  in  our  assertion  of  the  Is-ness.

This  factor,  the  "Divine  Principle  of  existence  but  for  which  none  of  these  impressions  are  impossible,  is  generally  not  noticed  because  of  the  perceiver's  preoccupation  with  his  perceptions.



Beneath  the  perceptions,  as  it  were,  dwells  this  mighty  Spirit  of  Perfection  as  a  subtle  Divine  Power,  all-pervading  and  eternal.

The Upanishad  starts  with  this  Mantram  wherein  the Rishi  advises  us  that  we  must  come  to  experience  this  …